Tuesday, August 14, 2012

< V > TOEFL Vocabulary (134)

Intact (adjective) 
untouched, especially by anything that harms or diminishes: entire or complete
The first American steam engine was not made in America at all, but imported intact
from England. 

 Integral (adjective) 
constituting or forming part of the essence of something
The years of 1979 and 1980 were integral in defining mainstream R&B dance music of
the early 1980's.

Integration (noun) 
the act, process, or result of abolishing racial segregation
The integration of African Americans into White only schools during the early 1960's
caused widespread protests among segregationists in the South.  

Intelligible (adjective) 
capable of being readily understood
Language is a form of speech distinctly different from others (otherwise, we call them
dialects of each other), adding for good measure not, or only partially, intelligible to
others without special study.

Intense (adjective) 
extreme in degree, strength, or effect 
Intense winter storms, high rainfall amounts, and steep terrain areas are all conducive
to land sliding.

Intensive (adjective) 
covering all aspects with painstaking accuracy
At Harvard and in six further years of intensive reading while he taught school and
studied law in Worcester and Boston, he mastered the technicalities of his profession and
the literature and learning of his day. 

Iteration (noun) 
the action or a process of iterating or repeating; the repetition of a sequence of computer 
instructions a specified number of times or until a condition is met
Big Brother Africa is actually the third iteration of the program; the first two featured
South African contestants only and the winners were both white men. 

Intercept (verb) 
to receive a communication or signal directed elsewhere usually secretly U.S. intelligence analysts believe Saddam Hussein is more likely to be alive than dead, a
conclusion bolstered in recent weeks by intercepted communications among Saddam
loyalists, The New York Times reported Friday, citing government officials.

Interchange (noun) 
the act, process, or an instance of putting each of (two things) in the place of the other
Although many food plants had traveled halfway around the globe by 1492, not one food
crop had crossed the Atlantic Ocean. That is why 1492 is such a crucial date in the history
of the world's food supply: Columbus' voyages initiated the interchange of plants
between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, which in effect doubled the food crop
resources available to peoples on both sides of the Atlantic.

Interdisciplinary (adjective) 
of or between more than one branch of learning
Cognition and perception graduate students may easily elect to pursue programs of
study with an interdisciplinary breadth. For example, a student with strong interests
in aging may participate extensively in the developmental area and the Institute of
Gerontology; one attracted to problems in social cognition might work with members of
the social psychology program at the Institute for Social Research; and an individual
who wished to model problem solving behavior may study with artificial intelligence
specialists in the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department.

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