Tuesday, August 14, 2012

< V > TOEFL Vocabulary (178)

Sabotage (noun) 
a deliberate and underhanded effort to defeat or do harm to an endeavor
To sabotage his friend’s grades, John’s roommate accused him of cheating on a
Philosophy exam.

Sacred (adjective) 
regarded with particular reverence or respect
In 1772, von Colloredo retained Wolfgang as concertmaster at a token salary. In this
capacity Mozart composed a large number of sacred and secular works. 
Safeguard (verb) 
to make safe, to protect 
Putin's tough stand was seen by analysts as an attempt to protect Russian interests in
Iraq -- Moscow wants to safeguard its multi-billion dollar debt payments and contracts
signed with Baghdad in existence before the war. 
Sail (verb) 
to move swiftly through the water through the use of boat
Thorvaldsen Eriksson, son of Erik the Red, sailed from Greenland to the New World
which he had been told about by his brother Leif.

Salivate (verb) 
to produce an abnormal flow of saliva–the result of secretion of water in the mouth
Pavlov noticed that the dogs in his laboratory salivated not only when they ate their
food, but also before they had taken a bite.

Sanctioned by (verb) 
adhering to beliefs or practices approved by authority or tradition
Many same-sex couples participate in their own ceremonies, sanctioned by their
friends, families and spiritual communities.

Sanctuary (noun) 
a sacred or holy place; the state of being protected or safeguarded, as from danger or 
William Faulkner’s written description of the gardens would later be revised for the
closing of his novel Sanctuary.

Sanitation (noun) 
the act or process of being readily kept in cleanliness 
Nearly three-fifths of the 4.8 billion people in developing countries lack basic
sanitation, almost a third have no access to clean water, a quarter lack adequate
housing, and a fifth lack access to modern health services. 

Satire (noun) 
a work, as a novel or play, that exposes folly by the use of humor or irony
Political satire, found in newspapers across the US, aims at prominent leaders such as
the president, governors, and leaders of congress.

Savage (verb) 
so intense as to cause extreme suffering
During the early 1940's, Germany created many savage labor camps which were not
liberated by the allies until 1945.

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