Sunday, August 12, 2012

< V > TOEFL Vocabulary (47)

Challenging, adjective 
arduous, effortful, labored, laborious, strenuous, toilsome, uphill
For example, a challenging task or job requires great effort and determination.  
Mike found a challenging job as a computer programmer.

Unrestrained, adjective 
excessive, immoderate, inordinate, intemperate, overindulgent
For example, if you describe someone’s behavior as unrestrained, you mean that it is 
extreme or intense because he/she is expressing his/her feelings strongly or loudly.   There was unrestrained joy on the faces of people.

Intense, adjective 
concentrated, desperate, exquisite, fierce, furious, terrible, vehement, vicious, and violent
For example, intense is used to describe something that is very great or extreme in strength
or degree.  
Suddenly, the room filled with intense light.

Hypertension, noun  
For example, hypertension is a medical condition in which a person has high blood
He suffered from hypertension and accompanying heart problems.

Accompany, verb (accompanies, accompanying, accompanied, accompaniment)  
attend, bear, bring, carry, chaperon, companion, company, conduct, convoy, escort
For example, if one thing accompanies another, it happens or exists at the same time, or as
a result of it. (Formal) 
The proposal was instantly voted through with two to one in favor, accompanied by
enthusiastic applause.

Proposal, noun (proposals) 
invitation, proffer, proposition, suggestion
For example, a proposal is a plan or an idea, often a formal or written one, which is 
suggested for people to think about and decide upon.  
A proposal outlining how the new voting district would be drawn up was submitted to 
the City Council.

In favor, prepositional phrase
For example, if someone or something is in favor, people like or support it. If they are out
of favor, people no longer like or support them.
She’s very much in favor with the management at the moment.

Applause, noun (applaud, applauded) 
cheers, hand, ovation, round, cheering, clapping, rooting
For example, applause is the noise made by a group of people clapping their hands to show 
They greeted him with thunderous applause. 

Constitution, noun (constitutions)  
The constitution of a country or organization is the system of laws which formally states 
the people’s rights and duties.
The Constitution of the United States was written in 1776.

Cope, verb (copes, coping, coped) 
deal with, overcome
For example, if you cope with a problem or a task, you deal with it successfully.
It was amazing how my mother coped with bringing up three children on less than three 
hundred dollars a week.

Deal with, verb phrase 
treat, handle, play, serve, take, use
For example, when you deal with something or someone that needs attention, you give 
your attention to it, and often solve a problem or make a decision concerning it.
The president said the agreement would allow other vital problems to be dealt with. 

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