Sunday, August 12, 2012

< V > TOEFL Vocabulary (62)

Advocate (noun) 
one that defends or maintains a cause or proposal 

Advocates say walk-to-school programs are gaining new momentum from parents and
teachers concerned about a childhood obesity epidemic. 

Adverse (adjective) 
acting against or in opposition; tending to discourage, retard, or make more difficult
 Adverse effects to smoking are lung cancer and an increased risk of heart attacks.

Advisory (noun) 
a report giving information (as on the weather) and often recommending action to be
The World Health Organization (WHO), an agency of the United Nations, lifted its
advisory against unnecessary travel to Hong Kong because of the outbreak of severe
acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). 

Aesthetic (noun) 
showing good taste
The basic aesthetics of television are not that different from those of movies.
Affective (adjective) 
that which affects or excites emotion
If a learner has anxiety, the affective filters conducive to second language acquisition
may be closed, thus making the input in the brain incomprehensible.

Affinal (adjective)   
A kinsman or ally related by marriage
Elbasi is the richer location and can draw upon wives from more marginal settlements,
from families who seek out more favorable domestic conditions for their daughters as
well as affinal contacts in prominent communities.

Afford (verb) 
to make available, give forth, or provide naturally or inevitably: give
If you're willing to spend $300 to $450, consider a 15-inch LCD. It affords the same
viewable area as a 17-inch CRT and takes up far less space. 

Agent (noun)   
that by which something is accomplished or some end result achieved
Possible causative agents for brain cancer in firefighters include vinyl chloride,
acrylonitrile, and formaldehyde.

Aggregate (adjective) 
formed by a collection of particulars into a whole mass or sum, united
A machine travels through a certain path, resulting from the aggregate combination of
the parts moving within it.

Aggression (noun)
the act of attacking 
The learning theory is based on the assumption that although human aggression may
be influenced by physiological characteristics, the activation of those characteristics
depends on learning and is subject to the person's control.   

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