Tuesday, August 14, 2012

< V > TOEFL Vocabulary (141)

Longstanding (adjective) 
of long duration
There has been a longstanding tradition to divide early history into periods according
to the hard materials such as stone, cooper, bronze, and iron, from which cutting tools
and weapons were made.

Loom (verb) 
to be imminent–about to occur at any moment, being or occurring in the time ahead
At no time has this enormous growth of medical costs loomed larger as a social question
than now. 

Loophole (noun) 
a means of escape; especially : an ambiguity or omission in the text through which the 
intent of a statute, contract, or obligation may be evaded 
Consumer advocates have worried that the list would be laden with loopholes without
the support of the FCC, which oversees the nation's telephone system.  

Looter (noun)
one who seizes and carries away by force especially in war
The cases were not found until last week because the basement of the bank was flooded,
possibly deliberately by bank officials as a way to protect the treasures from looters. 

Lose touch (verb) 
to depart from reality; to not have regular contact with someone or something
Most people have observed mild dissociative episodes in which they lose touch with
their surroundings.

Lumbering (noun) 
lacking dexterity and grace in physical movement 
Tom Keith, although a lumbering sort of character, is quite effective as a steel worker.

Luminescent (adjective) 
the natural emission of light by an insect or animal
Most of the squid on which whales prey are luminescent.

Lure (verb) 
to beguile or draw into a wrong or foolish course of action
As a way to lure their prey, coyotes will often act playful to small dogs and cats.

Lynch (verb) 
the act of putting a person to death without a legal trial 
Ironically, the practice of lynching got its name from William Lynch, who was a law-
abiding citizen.
Lyricism (noun) 
something likened to verse, as in form or style  
Her gift in lyricism is what has helped her to successfully write pop-music songs. 

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