Tuesday, August 14, 2012

< V > TOEFL Vocabulary (143)

Mandate (verb) 
an authoritative indication to be obeyed
On December 5, 1955, five days after Montgomery civil rights activist Rosa Parks refused
to obey the city's rules mandating segregation on buses, black residents launched a bus
boycott and elected King as president of the newly formed Montgomery Improvement

Maneuver (noun) 
an action calculated to achieve an end
Before the invention of the Heimlich maneuver, choking on food was a common cause of
accidental death in humans, causing 6,000 deaths a year in the United States.

Mangle (verb)
to spoil, injure, or make incoherent especially through ineptitude; characterized as being 
injured with deep disfiguring wounds by cutting, tearing, or crushing 
He saw a man's mangled body almost completely inside his car -- head on the
floorboard, torso in the air and a severed leg on the center console. 

Manifestation (noun) 
an act of showing or displaying
However, better of the disorder has led to the development of better coping mechanisms
and strategies for the various manifestations of the disability. 

Manipulate (verb) 
to control one’s own advantage by artful or indirect means
Chimpanzees have been taught some hand signs based on American Sign Language, to
manipulate colored switches or tokens, and to understand some spoken commands.

Manual (noun) 
a book of instructions
A manual on how to repair a slipping transmission has been sent to auto repair shops
all over the country.

Manufacture (noun) 
to create by forming, combining, or altering materials
Through the process of photosynthesis, plants convert the light energy into stored energy.
Because green plants can manufacture their own food, plants are called autotrophs or

Manure (noun) 
material that fertilizes land; especially: refuse of stables and barnyards consisting of 
livestock excreta with or without litter 
Leaving germs behind, the housefly is a common pest and disease carrier that lays eggs 
in garbage and manure. 

Map out (verb) 
to show graphically the direction or location of, as by using coordinates 
At least thirteen acres of a large underground body of water known as the Lost Sea have
been mapped out, and still divers have found no end to the lake.

Margin (noun) 
a fairly narrow line or space forming a boundary
If your method of recitation included note taking in the left hand margins of your
notebook, write questions for the notes you have taken.

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