Tuesday, August 14, 2012

< V > TOEFL Vocabulary (154)

Overgraze (verb) 
to feed on growing herbage, attached algae, or phytoplankton  to the point of damaging 
vegetation cover 
The problem is one of environmental degradation; the land is overgrazed and the
kangaroos themselves suffer pretty badly once all the food is gone for them.

Overly (verb)  
lying on or over
Tsunamis can be generated when the sea floor abruptly deforms and vertically displaces
the overlying water.

Override (verb) 
occupying a more elevated or superior position; dominating
The court emphasized that race cannot be the overriding factor, but a majority
acknowledged a broad social value in encouraging all races to learn and work together.

Over-the-counter (adjective)
sold lawfully without prescription 
The names of all medicines you are currently taking, including both over-the-counter
and prescription medication as well as any dietary supplements. It is important for your
doctor to know this information in order to prescribe the medicine that will be the most

Overturn (verb) 
to turn or cause to turn from a vertical or horizontal position
The Vikings quickly overturned the boats and killed all but one Indian, who was able to
get away.

Overwhelmingly (adverb) 
convincingly so as to have little doubt The evidence seems to overwhelmingly state that there is indeed a critical period by
which learning must commence in order to afford the learner the chance to achieve
native like capabilities.

Owe (verb) 
on account of; as a result of, through
The scientific question is whether the chimps' abilities are homologous to human
language–that is, whether the two systems show the same basic organization owing to
descent from a single system in their common ancestor.

Painstaking (adjective) 
showing or marked by attentiveness to all aspects or details 
Paying painstaking attention to detail, French artist Lucien Rudaux was the first to
combine his artistic talents with his knowledge of astronomy.

Pale (adjective) 
of a moderately white color; lacking color
Due to the intense ultraviolet rays of the sun, the paint on the car oxidized, causing it to
change to a pale yellow. 

Paleoanthropologist (noun) 
one who studies in a branch of anthropology dealing with fossil hominids–any of a family 
(Hominidae) of erect bipedal primate mammals comprising recent humans together with 
extinct ancestral and related forms 
The announcement was made this week by paleoanthropologist Tim White of the 
University of California at Berkeley. White, who co-led the joint U.S.-Ethiopian research 
team that made the discovery, noted that the skulls, which are between 154,000 and 
160,000 years old, are the oldest known fossils of modern humans, or Homo sapiens.

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