Tuesday, August 14, 2012

< V > TOEFL Vocabulary (155)

Pamphlet (noun) 
a small unbound booklet or leaflet
A pamphlet entitled A Dissertation on the Canon and the Feudal Law and town
instructions denouncing the Stamp Act (1765) marked him as a vigorous, patriotic
penman, and, holding various local offices, he soon became a leader among
Massachusetts radicals.

Paradigm (noun) 
example of a pattern or ideas of particular theories about a given subject
Cognitive Psychology is an empirical science and depends on careful experimental
procedures and paradigms to test theories about these mental processes.

Paralyze (verb) 
to render powerless or motionless by inflicting severe injury; to render helpless, as by 
The hiker was paralyzed with fear after seeing the mountain lion face to face.

Parameter (noun) 
constant element or factor, especially one serving as a limit or boundary
19th century astronomers made very careful observations of Mercury's orbital
parameters but could not adequately explain those using Newtonian mechanics. 

Parasite (noun) 
an organism living in, with, or on another organism 
A new theory suggests that human hairlessness evolved as a strategy to shed the ticks,
lice, fleas and other parasites that nestle deep in fur.

Pare (verb)  
to diminish or reduce by or as if by trimming off an outside, excess, or irregular part of 
Under new CEO Paul Tellier, a proven cost cutter, Bombardier Inc., the parent company
of Bombardier Aerospace, is paring down its operations to become nimbler and more
focused on its core businesses, making trains and planes. 

Parody (noun) 
a false, mocking, or disrespectful imitation of something
Many writers make a distinction between poetic truth and historical truth and attempt,
through the use of parody, to set their boundaries.

Particle (noun) 
a tiny amount
The introduction of more compression causes the new helium particles inside of the core
to collide hard enough so that they can stick together and fuse.

Partisan (adjective) 
showing an inclination for or against something that inhibits impartial judgment
Divisive and partisan politics is quite common among governmental offices in many

Pass (noun) 
a narrow passage through mountains
Sitting just west of the Nevada boundary in the basin and range district of the Mojave
Desert, Death Valley is all but surrounded by mountain ranges, with a few roads
connecting the valley to the outside world through narrow passes. 

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