Tuesday, August 14, 2012

< V > TOEFL Vocabulary (168)

Quartet (noun) 
a composition of four performers; any group of four
The great piano concertos and the string quartets dedicated to his "dear friend" Josef
Haydn were also composed during this period.

Quasi- (prefix) 
seemingly; not really; almost 
Chimpanzees require massive regimented teaching sequences contrived by humans to
acquire quite rudimentary abilities, mostly limited to a small number of signs, strung
together in repetitive, quasi-random sequences, used with the intent of requesting food
or tickling.

Radioactivity (noun)  
the emission of ionizing radiation or particles caused by the spontaneous disintegration of
atomic nuclei Each layer of ice in a core corresponds to a single year or sometimes even a single season
and most everything that fell in the snow that year remains behind, including wind
blown dust, ash, atmospheric gases, even radioactivity.

Raid (verb) 
to attack in order to steal, destroy, or conquer
Crows sometimes raid the nests and eat the eggs and the young of smaller birds.

Rally (verb)  
with reference to troops bring or come together again so as to continue fighting
In a last effort to regain control of Shiloh, the confederate troops rallied against the
union soldiers in a three day raging battle.

Ramble (verb) 
to move aimlessly from place to place; to explore idly 
NASA launches the first of two golf cart size rovers that will ramble across the rocky, 
red soil of Mars and drill for evidence that the Red Planet once had enough water to 
support life.

Ramshackle (noun) 
appearing ready to collapse; carelessly or loosely constructed 
Both are lonely in their ramshackle surroundings and, over a series of gin rummy
games, they become acquainted. 

Range (noun)  
the area of variation between limits on a particular scale: the car's outside my price range
Flexibility is the ability to move joints freely through their full range of motion.

Rarity (noun) 
the state or quality of being far beyond what is usual, normal, or customary
If the inclusions are not visible to the naked eye, a higher clarity does not really improve
the appearance of a diamond but rather the rarity and price

Ratchet (verb) 
to cause to move by steps or degrees - usually used with up or down
Since Sept. 11, Beijing has ratcheted up its bluster against Xinxiang’s Uighur

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