Monday, August 13, 2012

< V > TOEFL Vocabulary (95)

Deviance (noun) 
the condition of being abnormal 
The labeling theory explains deviance as a social process by which some people who
commit deviant acts come to be known as deviants and others do not.

Devise (verb) 
to form a strategy for; to use ingenuity in making, developing, or achieving
Considerable effort is devoted to devising innovative applications to important
practical problems, e.g., human computer interaction, decision aiding, and medical

Devoid (adjective) 
lacking a desirable element; containing nothing
Studies of lunar samples revealed that the interior of the Moon is essentially devoid of
water, so no underground supplies could be used by lunar inhabitants.

Devote (verb) 
to give over by or as if by vow to a higher purpose
Researchers from all over the world are devoting considerable time and energy into
finding the answer to this critical question.

Diagnostic (adjective) 
relating to investigation or analysis of the cause or nature of a condition, situation, or
For those unfamiliar with the term, cold reading is the description of the personality,
characteristics, and features, past experiences and sometimes the future of a person
without the use of standard psychological or other formal diagnostic procedures.
 Diarrhea (noun) 
abnormally frequent intestinal evacuations with more or less fluid stools
Bulimia nervosa is when a person consumes large amounts of food, but then induces
vomiting or diarrhea in an attempt to avoid weight gain.

Diaspora (noun) 
people settled far from their ancestral homelands 
The African Voices Hall presents the richness and diversity of cultures throughout the
African continent, as well as traditions sustained and reinterpreted by the African
diasporas in Asia, Europe, and the Americas.

Dictate (verb) 
to set forth expressly and authoritatively
The value of a diamond is determined by its exact quality as defined by the 4C's: Cut,
Color, Clarity and Carat Weight. The cut of a diamond refers to its proportions. Of the
4C's, the cut is the aspect most directly influenced by man. The other three are dictated
by nature. 

Differential (adjective) 
making a distinction among individuals or classes
The theory is called differential association. It denotes a person's associations that
differ from those of other persons

Digestion (noun) 
the process of making food absorbable by breaking it down into smaller, simpler chemical
Sucrose is hydrolyzed during digestion according to the following equation:
Sucrose + H2O v Glucose + Fructose 

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